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Tlou Energy Ltd - Operational Report - Quarter ending 31 Dec 2019

RNS Number : 2840A
Tlou Energy Ltd
20 January 2020


20 January 2020


Tlou Energy Limited

("Tlou" or "the Company")





Tlou Energy Limited is an ASX, AIM and BSE listed company focused on delivering power in Botswana and southern Africa through the exploration and development of coal bed methane (CBM) natural gas.


Key events during the previous quarter:

·    Gas and water continue to be produced at the Lesedi 3 and 4 production pods;

·    Discussions continue with Government to secure a Power Purchase Agreement;

·    Project finance options for the initial phase of the Lesedi Gas-to-Power project are ongoing.


Lesedi CBM project - Production testing

During 2019, the Company commenced production testing at two Pods in the Lesedi project, namely Lesedi 3 and Lesedi 4.  The aim of the production testing is to establish a commercial gas flow rate from one or both of these pods.


The Company previously announced initial gas flow rates of approximately 20 Mscfd (thousand standard cubic feet per day) from each of Lesedi 3 and Lesedi 4.  The Company is aiming for a minimum sustained gas flow rate in the region of 80-100 Mscfd from each production pod. 


Since the initial rate announcement, gas flow rates have continued to fluctuate both up and down with periodic short-term rates observed which have been much higher than those initially announced.  The Company will not be in a position to announce an increased rate until such time that higher levels are sustained and confirmed by our advisors. 


The Company is operating in a region where commercial CBM had not been produced before so there is no comparable data from this operating environment regarding how long it may take, or if it is even possible, for a commercial gas flow to be achieved.  However, based on information to date, the Company has no reason to believe that the targeted commercial gas flow rates will not be achieved noting that the Company is generally pleased with well performance to date. 


As a junior exploration and development company, Tlou's funds are limited and therefore caution is being taken by the Company to try and ensure that the production wells are managed without risking damage to, or loss of, either production pod.  This impacts the length of time taken to produce a commercial gas flow.


CBM gas production testing involves the extraction of water and gas from a coal seam.  Typically, the water rate starts high and as this reduces, the gas rate increases.  Since the Lesedi 3 and 4 pods have been in production, water rates have reduced with the aim of taking as much water as possible out of the underground coal seam reservoir.  Once this is achieved, the coal is expected to be more gas saturated and therefore the gas flow rate should increase significantly. 


To achieve increased gas saturation is not a simple process and requires careful management of pressure levels within the wells noting that the each of the Lesedi 3 and 4 production pods consist of three wells - one vertical production well and two intersecting lateral wells.


The Lesedi 3 and 4 pods are producing water in isolation which makes dewatering a slower and more difficult exercise than would otherwise be the case in a full field development.  In a field development scenario, an array of wells would be located adjacent to each other which would serve to facilitate dewatering.



Power Purchase Agreement (PPA)

The Company submitted a tender to Botswana's Ministry of Minerals Resources, Green Technology and Energy Security (MMGE) for the Development of a CBM-fueled power plant in Botswana and was subsequently selected as a preferred bidder.  If successful, ongoing negotiations will result in the Company agreeing a Power Purchase Agreement (PPA) with the Government of Botswana, whereby Botswana Power Corporation (BPC), the national electricity utility in Botswana, would purchase the power produced by Tlou at the Lesedi CBM project.


During the quarter the Company was very glad to see the appointment of Honourable Minister Lefoko Maxwell Moagi to MMGE and are working closely with the Honourable Minister to deliver Tlou's CBM project. 


As CBM gas-to-power projects are new in Botswana, the Government has taken additional time to assess Tlou's proposal including appointing qualified persons to assess the project. 


To prevent further delays and allow Tlou to secure finance, the Company has requested an initial (or interim) PPA so that development of the Lesedi CBM gas-to-power project can commence sooner rather than later.  This initial PPA could then be superseded by the final PPA once the MMGE has completed its assessment and negotiation.


Crucially for Botswana, Tlou's project is consistent with the Government's objective of a Botswana which is energy secure, has diversified and cleaner energy sources, and is a net energy exporter.  The Government will also benefit from the development of a new industry, additional employment opportunities and a cleaner source of local independently produced power, ultimately leading to energy security for Botswana.


Media reports during the quarter about regional power shortages and severe load-shedding (i.e. power cuts) particularly in South Africa are concerning.  Botswana currently receives significant amounts of electricity from South Africa and loss of this power could have a devastating effect to the Country's energy security and economic growth. 


In addition to the planned CBM development, Tlou also has environmental approval for 20MW of Solar power generation.  Solar and CBM electricity generation can work extremely well together, with CBM providing base load power when solar is not available. 



Project Finance

The Company's continues its negotiation with Botswana Development Corporation (BDC) to fund development of the first 10MW of the Lesedi CBM Gas-to-Power project in Botswana and has received an indicative non-binding term sheet as the negotiations have progressed.  This initial proposal forms the basis for further discussion and negotiation prior to finalisation and remains confidential.  Further details will be provided if and when a binding term sheet is agreed.   BDC is owned by the Government of Botswana with a mandate to provide financial assistance to commercially viable projects. 


The Company is also in discussions with other parties interested in funding the Company though debt, equity and mezzanine finance. 



Forward plan

Until the Company receives a signed PPA and has connected to the electricity grid, limited exploration work is proposed.  With this in mind, the Company's current key targets are as outlined below (subject to funding and results):






Post 4Q20


·  Power purchase Agreement (PPA)


·  Generation Licence Award


·  Finalise Project Finance


·  Commence construction of Transmission lines


·  Southern African Power Pool (SAPP) application



·  Generators & civil engineering at Central Processing Facility


·  Boomslang Project EIS approval




·  Target first electricity sales


·  SAPP membership approved




·  Expansion to 10MW+



Project areas

The Company has three project areas in Botswana:

·      Lesedi Project - Development, Exploration

·      Mamba Project - Exploration

·      Boomslang Project - Exploration


Lesedi CBM Project Area, Botswana

Licences:              Mining Licence 2017/18L, Prospecting Licences 001 & 003/2004 and 35 & 37/2000

Ownership:        Tlou Energy Limited 100%


The Lesedi project covers an area of approximately 3,800 Km2 and consists of four Coal and CBM Prospecting Licences (PL) and a Mining Licence.  The Mining Licence area is currently the focal point for the Company's operations and includes the gas producing Lesedi 3 and 4 development wells or 'pods'. 


The Lesedi project is the Company's most advanced project, with plans in place to install gas-fired electricity generators and connect to the power grid in Botswana.  Subject to results, the first electricity sales could commence in late 2020. 


The project has full environmental approval which includes gas extraction, electricity generation and construction of transmission lines.  In addition, the Company has approval for 20MW of solar generation.  Clean CBM power is ideal for use in conjunction with solar projects.


Tlou has the only CBM Mining Licence in Botswana.  A mining licence is required by an operator to develop a CBM asset.  This licence spans a large 900 Km2 area and is valid until 2042 so the Company has security of tenure over the project. 


Tlou has the only independently certified CBM gas reserves in Botswana, with 252 Billion Cubic Feet (BCF) of 3P gas Reserves certified in the Lesedi project area.  In addition, the 3C Contingent Gas Resources are approximately 3 Trillion Cubic Feet (TCF).  The potential upside from further successful development of this area is substantial.


The status of the Lesedi area licences is as follows:




Mining Licence 2017/18L

August 2042


PL 001/2004

March 2021


PL 003/2004

March 2021


PL 035/2000

September 2020


PL 037/2000

September 2020



Mamba Project Area, Botswana

Licences:              Prospecting Licences 237-241/2014

Ownership:        Tlou Energy Limited 100%


The Mamba project consists of five Coal and CBM PL's covering an area of approximately 4,500 Km2.  The Mamba area is considered to be highly prospective being situated adjacent to Tlou's Lesedi CBM Project and being on-trend with the asset that has produced the encouraging results observed to date.  In the event of a gas field development by Tlou, the Mamba area provides the Company with considerable flexibility and optionality.  Geographically, the Mamba Project area is approximately 50 km closer to the Orapa Power station than the Lesedi Project area.


Independently certified 3P Gas Reserves of 175 BCF are already in place at the Mamba project.  Further core-hole drilling and a proposed seismic survey of the area could significantly expand the reserves footprint across the Mamba project area. 


The Mamba area has the potential to become a separate revenue generating development project in addition to the proposed development at Lesedi.


The status of the Mamba area licences is as follows:




PL 237/2014

September 2021


PL 238/2014

September 2021


PL 239/2014

September 2021


PL 240/2014

September 2021


PL 241/2014

September 2021



Boomslang Project Area, Botswana

Licence:                Prospecting Licence 011/2019

Ownership:        Tlou Energy Limited 100%


The Company's most recently acquired Prospecting Licence, PL011/2019 designated "Boomslang", is valid for an initial term of 3 years.  The licence area is approximately 1,000 Km2 and is situated adjacent to the Company's existing licences.  The Boomslang area is also located on-trend with the asset that has produced the encouraging results observed to date at the Lesedi project and considered to be highly prospective. 


The Boomslang licence area provides the Company further flexibility and optionality for development of different projects.


The Company is awaiting confirmation of environmental approval to commence exploration operations in the Boomslang area.  This is expected to be granted in mid-2020, thereafter and subject to funding initial exploration operations are planned for this area.


The status of the Boomslang area licence is as follows:




PL 011/2019

March 2022



The information contained within this announcement is deemed to constitute inside information as stipulated under the Market Abuse Regulations (EU) No. 596/2014. Upon the publication of this announcement, this inside information is now considered to be in the public domain.



By Authority of the Board of Directors

Mr. Anthony Gilby

Managing Director



Company Information

Tlou Energy is focused on delivering Gas-to-Power solutions in Botswana and southern Africa to alleviate some of the chronic power shortage in the region.  Tlou is developing projects using coal bed methane (CBM) gas.  Botswana has a significant energy shortage and generally relies on imported power and diesel generation to fulfil its power requirements.  As 100% owner of the most advanced gas project in the country, the Lesedi CBM Project, Tlou Energy provides investors with access to a compelling opportunity using domestic gas to produce power and displace expensive diesel and imported electricity.


The Company is listed on the Australian Securities Exchange, London's AIM market and the Botswana Stock Exchange and is led by an experienced Board, management and advisory team including individuals with successful track records in the CBM industry.


Since establishment, the Company has significantly de-risked the project in consideration of its goal to become a significant gas-to-power producer.  The Company flared its first gas in 2014 and has a 100% interest over its Mining Licence and ten Prospecting Licences covering an area of ~9,300 Km2 in total.  The Lesedi and Mamba Projects already benefit from significant independently certified 2P gas Reserves of ~41 BCF.  In addition, 3P gas Reserves of ~427 BCF and Contingent Gas Resources of ~3,043 BCF provide significant additional potential.


The Company is planning an initial scalable gas-to-power project.  Following successful implementation of this first scalable project, the Company looks forward to evaluating longer-term prospects for the delivery of electricity generated from CBM in Botswana to neighbouring countries.


Forward-Looking Statements

This announcement may contain certain forward-looking statements.  Actual results may differ materially from those projected or implied in any forward-looking statements.  Such forward-looking information involves risks and uncertainties that could significantly affect expected results.  No representation is made that any of those statements or forecasts will come to pass or that any forecast results will be achieved.  You are cautioned not to place any reliance on such statements or forecasts.  Those forward-looking and other statements speak only as at the date of this announcement.  Tlou Energy Limited undertakes no obligation to update any forward-looking statements.



Appendix 5B

Mining exploration entity or oil and gas exploration entity
quarterly cash flow report

Name of entity

Tlou Energy Limited



Quarter ended ("current quarter")

79 136 739 967

31 December 2019


Consolidated statement of cash flows

Current quarter

Year to date (six months)


Cash flows from operating activities


Receipts from customers


Payments for

(a)   exploration & evaluation (if expensed)

(b)   development


(c)   production

(d)   staff costs



(e)   administration and corporate costs




Dividends received (see note 3)


Interest received


Interest and other costs of finance paid


Income taxes paid


Government grants and tax incentives


Other (VAT/GST refunds)




Net cash from / (used in) operating activities




Cash flows from investing activities


Payments to acquire:

(a)   entities

(b)   tenements

(c)   property, plant and equipment



(d)   exploration & evaluation (if capitalised)



(e)   investments

Quick facts: Tlou Energy Limited

Price: 2.0999

Market: AIM
Market Cap: £9.8 m

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